Who can participate in a Clinical Research Study?
All clinical studies have guidelines called inclusion/exclusion criteria that determine who can participate in the program. These guidelines are based on such factors as age, type of disease, medical history, and current medical conditions. These criteria are used to identify appropriate participants and keep them safe as well as to ensure that researchers will be able to answer the questions being asked.

What are the benefits to me if I participate?
There are both benefits and risks associated with clinical studies. While participating in a clinical study you can:
• Take an active role in your own health care
• Gain access to new treatments that are not available to the general public
• Obtain study-related medical care
• Help others by contributing to medical research

Will I be paid for participating?
Some clinical studies will pay you for time and travel while others will not. This will be clearly outlined in the informed consent. The office visits related to the clinical study as well as some diagnostic tests may also be provided.

What protections are there for participants in a clinical study?
The government has strict guidelines and safe guards to protect people who choose to participate in clinical studies. Every clinical study in the United States must be approved and monitored by an Institutional Review Board (IRB) to make sure risks are as low as possible and are worth any potential benefits.

What is an informed consent?
Informed consent is the process of learning the key facts about a clinical study before you decide whether or not to participate. The facts include: why the research is being done, what the researchers want to accomplish, what will be done during the study and for how long, what risks are involved in the study, what benefits can be expected from the study, what other treatments are available, and the fact that you have the right to leave the study at any time. You will receive an informed consent document and given an opportunity to read it and ask any questions. A copy of it will then be given to you.

What is a placebo?
A placebo is an inactive pill, liquid, or powder that has no treatment value. In clinical studies, experimental treatments are often compared with placebos to assess the treatment's effectiveness. The informed consent will describe the chance, if any, if you will receive a placebo during the clinical study.

What are the risks of participating in a clinical study?
Clinical studies have risks:
• There may be side effects or adverse reactions to medications or treatments
• The treatment may not be effective for you
• It may require extra trips to the study site

Who sponsors clinical studies?
Clinical studies are sponsored by Government agencies, pharmaceutical companies, individual physician investigators, and organizations that develop medical devices. Studies can take place in hospitals, doctor's offices, or universities, as well as independent research facilities.

Can I leave a clinical study after it has begun?
Yes. You can leave a clinical study at any time. If you plan to stop participating, let the research team know why you are leaving the study. You will need to return to the study site to be withdrawn from the study.

Will it cost me to participate?
Usually no cost will be incurred by participating in a clinical study. This will be clearly outlined in the informed consent.